Wild animals you can encounter in the forests of Montenegro and Bosnia

balkan lynx

Wild animals you can encounter in the forests of Montenegro and Bosnia

The untouched nature of Montenegro and Bosnia has many hidden treasures in the form of flora and fauna. The diverse relief and favorable climate attract various species of animals that have decided to make this area their habitat. Among these animals there are tame and wild animals. If you come one of our hunting tours in Bosnia you can possibly see some of them. We'll tell you which wild animals you can encounter in the forests of Montenegro and Bosnia.

Wild mammals

As part of a recent project for the conservation of animals monitoring of the situation of animals in the national reserve Prokletije was carried out. Several species of wild mammals were successfully noted, and among them there are.

Red deer (Cervus elaphus L.)

Red deer is one of the largest species of deer. Red deer inhabits most of Europe, the Caucasus Mountains region, Asia Minor, Iran, western and central parts of Asia. Males can amass up to 300 kg and have a length of about 2.3 m.

red deer - wild animals montenegro bosnia

Fallow deer (Dama dama L)

The main feature of this type of deer are rounded and extended forked horns on males, while females have no horns. This species is much smaller compared to the plain (red) deer.

Roebuck (Capreolus capreolus L)

Another animal in the deer family. Roebuck is widespread in Central Europe and Asia. Although they have a supple body they can not boast with durability. This is a small species of deer, and their length is usually about 1.1 m. It has short horns and red body. Disney has found inspiration in this type of deer for the movie Bambi.

Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra L.)

Chamois can reach up to 80 cm height, males can weigh more than 40 kg. Females are slightly smaller and lighter. Wolf is their natural enemy, eagles can also be a threat for the young.

Mouflon (Ovis musimon Pall.)

Mouflon have red - brown short hair with dark stripes on the back, males have large curled horns which almost form a full circle.

Wild boar (Sus scrofa L.)

Wild boar is a close relative of the domestic pig that lives in packs around the wet forest. Males can garner weight greater than 300 kg, and the females can reach a weight in excess of 150 kg. In spite of that, they are very fast and strong swimmers.There are plenty of wild boars to be hunted, because they have very few natural enemies.

Balkan lynx (Lynx lynx martinoi)

The Balkan lynx is officially the largest cat in Europe. The fact that it is a special kind, specific to this area, was confirmed by DNA analysis done in 2005. Lynx is a very endangered animal and it became a symbol of nature protection in the Western Balkans. In Montenegro and neighboring countries it is estimated that there are about 20 to 40 adult animals. Lyns is a loner who is most active at dusk and at night. They hunt small mammals, birds, rabbits and sometimes deer and chamois.

Hunts like every other cat, by sneaking in an ambush. After he jumps his prey or catches up to it in a short run, he kills it with his teeth and claws. He is a very capable hunter due to exceptional features. They can see six times better than humans.

balkan lynx - wild animals montenegro bosnia

Brown bear (Ursus arctos L.)

There is no need to talk much about the brown bear. The most dangerous animal in Europe is at the top of the food chain. His strong body and sharp claws are a terror to all that gets in his way. Brown bears can reach a weight up to 300 kg, and most of them weigh about 150 kg. Although carnivorous, plants take up most of their diet.

Wolf (Canis lupus L.)

Wolves are very adaptable animals and their habitat can be found all over the world. From the ice fields of the Arctic all the way to the deserts of Central Asia. Wolves live in packs and feed mainly on herbivores. They hunt deers, rodents or wild boars. In addition to meat, herbs take part in their diet.

In addition to these larger mammals, there are smaller mammals who live in this area such as minks, ferrets, badgers, skunks, wild cats, rabbits, squirrels, foxes and jackals.


On a walk through the relaxing natural environment you can encounter the following reptiles.

Aesculapian snake - This is a non-venomous snake, although slightly larger, there is no reason to be afraid of it. It is more likely that he would run away from you than you are of him.

Vipera ammodytes - You can recognize it by its characteristic horn on top of it’s head. Their color may be different, but they share the black or brown zig zag stripe across the back. If you see this snake be very careful, because this is the most venomous snake in Europe.

Vipera ammodytes - wild animals montenegro bosnia

Fire salamander - Also known as colorful salamander. This is probably best known salamander species in Europe. He is covered in black with yellow spots or stripes in varying degrees; Some specimens can be almost completely black, while on the other, yellow can be dominant.

Triturus - It is very rare in the Balkans and is protected in Montenegro.


In this area there are many species of birds of prey. You can see many of them ranging from small falcons to large eagles. Most likely you will see a peregrine falcon, a hawk and golden eagle. Among the night birds, there are owls and scops. Daily predators spend their days on the plains or rockeries. While the night ones live in the canopy forests.

As you can see, the beauty of this area can be validated by the presence of untamed animals who enjoy every day in these parts. You can join them, just do not disturb them. If you happen to see them, going through our survival tour can be a very helpful experience for managing situations like this.

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