- Departure time: 9:00 AM
- Tour Duration: 5 - 6 hours
Kuk cave, pearl of the Bistrica River Canyon is considered one of the most beautiful caves not only in BiH but in the entire Balkans. Because of its low entrance, it has been hidden for a long time from the outside world and thus preserved its greatest wealth intact.
After the 2-3 meters narrow entrance, the cave shows its ornaments right away. It consists of two parts: the upper, consisting of multiple large halls 688 meters long; the lower that is lower by about 45 meters from the upper part.
The cave is adorned with various forms of cave ornaments, , stalactites, massive stalagmites, cave pillars and curtains, as well as coralloides and cascades.
What makes this cave exceptional other than her good looks are the skeleton remains of the cave bear, which had been found to have gone extinct about 36,000 to 40,000 years ago. Age of the skeleton has been determined by the method of radioactive carbon-14 and the remains represent the oldest found in BiH. The skeletal remains can still be seen in this cave.
Ledenjaca cave represents old Potok river abyss, which plunges 40 meters east of the entrance to the cave. During the geological history the riverbed had been lowered and left out the Ledenjaca outside its active hydrological function.
The cave entrance is half covered with stone wall because of the local populations belief that the wind that blows out of the cave brings salt and frost causing fruit and forests decay.
The cave is interesting in that it was a home to prehistoric people who left carved drawings, which are located on both sides of the cave entrance. According to the results of archaeological research drawings date from the period of the Bronze Age. Human figures that show the basic facial features, eyes and mouth can be seen in the drawings. Also, you can see some kind of blanket which they were covered with which indicates the cooler weather when they were drawn. Drawings are unique in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and it is one of the two caves in whose entrance there are prehistoric drawings.
During the winter season cave is adorned with icy stalactites, stalagmites, cave curtains, and poles.
Mušin poredak cave alongside Kuk cave represent the greatest treasure of the river Bistrica canyon. The large entrance which is rapidly narrowing leads into a big vastness of this cave. It belongs to cave system with periodic standing water.
It is a middle-sized cave and one of the most beautiful in the municipality of Foca. It is rich with stalagmites, stalactites, draperies, coralloides, unusual cave pillars of which some are taller than 3 meters. In the middle of the cave, cascades were made, filled with cave crystals and clear water, which is the heart of this cave and makes it unique.
The cave ends with a series of spacious halls.
Brsljenica 1 cave is in the high cliffs of the Bistrica river canyon. The entrance to the cave is covered with ivy which is how it got its name. Morphologically cave consists of two channels, the first channel is according to hydrological characteristics is one with constant water flow, while the other belongs to the dry channels. The total channel length of the cave is 160 meters.
The water enriched with carbon dioxide while flowing down the the steep parts of the cave floor, encountering a variety of dams, created a large number of cascades that are the most beautiful decorations of the Brsljenica 1 cave. Some cascades are over 1.5 meters deep which are gradually climbing to the very end of the cave where they blend with the beautiful cave ornaments. The cave decorated with basins filled Coralloids and stalactites that are on the high ceilings.
In addition to cave jewelry, this cave is very significant in that it is represented a refuge of extinct cave bears more than 20.000 years ago where they found the remains of their skeletons
Velika Kutlaca cave is located 638-meter asl in the steep rocks of the Bistrica river canyon. It comprises of one main and one secondary channel. The total length of the canal is 415 meters and is a medium large cave. According to the hydrological characteristics of the cave it belongs to the occasional standing water one, and it is a basic cave.
First cave jewelry appears on the thirtieth meter from the cave entrance in the form of cascades. The middle part of the cave is decorated with a large number of stalactites and stalagmites, cascades filled with transparent water, and coralloides. Especially characterized by the saliv covered cave pillars of saliv, some of which are more than 2.5 meters high. At the end of the main cave channel opens a hall decorated with beautiful saliv.
Skakavac cave has found its place in the Sopotnica stream canyon. According to hydrological characteristics it is a dry cave. Although a small cave, this cave attracts with its beauty.
At the very entrance to the cave jewelry was formed that hints at the richness of this cave. The entrance continues into a narrow channel that leads to a room decorated with a large number of stalactites, stalagmites, cave curtains and saliv. The most beautiful jewels of this cave are coralloides reminiscent of intertwined plant roots.